9 Best Bitcoin Mining Pools: Legit Sites (2020 Companies)

Bitcoin/Litecoin Community

BTC and LTC News, Information, and everything else related to the gold and silver of crypto currency.
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Primecoin

Discussion about Primecoin and its infra. Primecoin is a very innovative cryptocurrency, being the 1st non Hash-Cash PoW crypto, naturally scarce (not artificially), with very fast confirmations (1min), elastic readjusting reward & a useful mining (byproducts are primes). Primecoin is sustainable (miners are guaranteed to have revenues), and decentralized (ASIC/FPGA are not particularly advantaged). Sidechain for decentralized data applications (e.g. Storj) currently in development.
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Funding the future with the future of currency

**About the Einsteinium Foundation** The Einsteinium Foundation was created to help, in any small way it can, raise funding for cutting edge scientific research. To this aim we created Einsteinium, a new crypto currency (similar to Bitcoin), to gather funds that can be distributed to projects the community chooses. Combined with donations from the community at large we will help fund some of the most innovative projects currently under-way or help seed those waiting to start.
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I’m looking for a pool that pays both Bitcoin and Namecoin

I know that Slushpool merge mines Bitcoin and Namecoin but it then instantly sells the Namecoin and only pays out bitcoin. Does anyone know of a pool that merge mines them both but pays out Bitcoin AND Namecoin? Thanks in advance.
submitted by Blazerfan503 to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Im looking for a pool that pays both Bitcoin and Namecoin /r/BitcoinMining

Im looking for a pool that pays both Bitcoin and Namecoin /BitcoinMining submitted by SimilarAdvantage to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

If you have ever "Davincij15's Bitcoin and Namecoin mining pool"(nmcbit.com) you may want to check your account...

I have 3 "confirmation" emails sitting in my inbox still awaiting for me to confirm a password reset. This leads me to believe that either someone tried to reset my password 3 times, or I received the same phishing email 3 times.
I don't pool with Davincij15 any longer so this really doesn't effect me too much, but I just thought I would point this out in the case that others have seen similar attempts on their accounts.
submitted by coffeetablesex to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Merged Mining Pool is Open: Why mine Bitcoin when you could mine Bitcoin AND Namecoin

submitted by coffeetablesex to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Mining namecoin in Slush's Pool at the same time as bitcoins?

Well I'm a newbie when it comes to mining and Slush's Pool's website says it can mine namecoins while I'm mining bitcoins but I've been mining bitcoins and I have mined absolutely no namecoins even though I have a valid Namecoin address. what do I need to change to optimize my computer to mine these namecoins? I use GUIminer. Thank you for the help.
submitted by TheDeityofFire to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

SHA256 Blockchains Current Status

SHA256 Blockchains Current Status submitted by santoterracomputing to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

M-N 1k-5k

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nicolascage NicoleArbour NicoleLZ NicoleMarieJeanNMJ NicoleMejia nicolenixon NicoleScherzinger NicoleThornedab niconiconi NICUParents NidaleeMains NiennaJade NieRAutomataGame Nievamara Nigahiga Nigeria nightblade nightdriving nightmare NightmareBeforeXmas NightmareNewYork Nightmares nightmemes NightMusic nightphotography nightwalk nightwish nihilisms nihongo Nijmegen NikaidouSaki nikkibella NikkiBlackketter NikkiCo65 Nilesy nim Nimiq nincirclejerk ninemuses Ninja Ninjago NinjasHyper ninjawarrior NinoNakano Nintendeals Nintendo3DS nintendo64 Nintendo_NX NintendoDS Nintendogs NintendoKaren nintendolabo NintendoStitch NintendoSwitchBoxArt NintendoSwitchDesigns NintendoSwitchIndie NinthWorldProblems nintype nippleshadows nipponichi NipseyHussle nirvannatheband nissanfrontier nissanleaf NISTControls NitroToken NIU NixOS NixPlatform NJ_Swingers njbeer NJGuns njhiking NJr4r NJTech nlpclass NLSS NLTP NMMNG NMS_Bases NMS_Federation NMS_Zoology NMSPortals NNNNNNNEEEEEEEEEEEEWS no 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submitted by j259awesome to u/j259awesome [link] [comments]

"Having the highest Hashrate doesn't necessarily imply the highest security"

Pardon my ignorance. I'd like to know what backs this statement. I went to look for merged mining and it does look like a winning hand for both (or all) the blockchains involved.
I guess this cannot be answered in a simple way so I'll go right ahead and post in an organised way all the questions that I have in mind:
  1. Why is this statement correct? "It doesn't necessarily imply". Can you specify when it would not be true and why not?
  2. Why is it that Namecoin gathered so much Hashrate when compared to other merged mining coins? Is it just the first mover advantage?
  3. Can any other coin do the same and just "turn on" the possibility to merge-mine with Bitcoin and even testnets and other SHA 256 related chains?
  4. If yes, why don't all coins just free load off the Bitcoin hashrate power?
  5. Why, for a brief period in time has NMC actually surpassed the hashrate of the very Bitcoin? Does this mean that all Bitcoin miners are also helping NMC but not all NMC miners are helping Bitcoin? (I'm aware it goes a bit against the whole definition of merged mining) In this case: given its low price wouldn't these people be better off just mining Bitcoin?
  6. Without trying to sound like much of a Buzzkill, what is the incentive for miners to go out of their way to secure NMC network? With this amount of Hashrate one would think that the difficulty is through the roof although price not so much. What keeps it ticking? I notice that the hashrate goes up with that of Bitcoin's, but I doubt that the awareness does too. Bitcoin's Hashrate has evolved exponentially and so has Namecoin's. But NMC's actual popularity is not really comparable to that of BTC. Why is it that their hashrates seem to go up so tightly correlated? Are all these people merged mining without knowing?
  7. Also, why not just have NMC alltogether and leave BTC behind? The tech is the same but this one also solves the "decentralizing DNS" issue..

Ok, these are my questions if someone is kind enough to read through and answer each. I'm sorry if I'm asking dumb questions. Thanks a lot.
submitted by doyouevenliftbru to Namecoin [link] [comments]

Function X: A Concept Paper introducing the f(x) ecosystem, a universal decentralized internet powered by blockchain technology and smart devices

Function X: A Concept Paper introducing the f(x) ecosystem, a universal decentralized internet powered by blockchain technology and smart devices

https://preview.redd.it/yylq6k0yqrv21.png?width=633&format=png&auto=webp&s=089ffe83e18baeceb87d465ca6fad184939490e4

Prologue

This is a Concept Paper written to introduce the Function X Ecosystem, which includes the XPhone. It also addresses the relationship between the XPOS and Function X.
Pundi X has always been a community-driven project. We have lived by the mission of making sure the community comes first and we are constantly learning from discussions and interactions on social media and in real-life meetings.
As with all discussions, there is always background noise but we have found gems in these community discussions. One such example is a question which we found constantly lingering at the back of our mind, “Has blockchain changed the world as the Internet did in the ’90s, and the automobile in the ‘20s?”. Many might argue that it has, given the rise of so many blockchain projects with vast potential in different dimensions (like ours, if we may add). But the question remains, “can blockchain ever become what the Internet, as we know it today, has to the world?”
Function X, a universal decentralized internet which is powered by blockchain technology and smart devices.
Over the past few months, in the process of implementing and deploying the XPOS solution, we believe we found the answer to the question. A nimble development team was set up to bring the answer to life. We discovered that it is indeed possible to bring blockchain to the world of telephony, data transmission, storage and other industries; a world far beyond financial transactions and transfers.
This is supported by end-user smart devices functioning as blockchain nodes. These devices include the XPOS and XPhone developed by Pundi X and will also include many other hardware devices manufactured by other original equipment manufacturers.
The vision we want to achieve for f(x) is to create a fully autonomous and decentralized network that does not rely on any individual, organization or structure.
Due to the nature of the many new concepts introduced within this Concept Paper, we have included a Q&A after each segment to facilitate your understanding. We will continuously update this paper to reflect the progress we’re making.

Function X: The Internet was just the beginning

The advent of the Internet has revolutionized the world. It created a communications layer so robust that it has resulted in TCP/IP becoming the network standard.
The Internet also created a wealth of information so disruptive that a company like Amazon threatened to wipe out all the traditional brick-and-mortar bookstores. These bookstores were forced to either adapt or perish. The same applies to the news publishing sector: the offerings of Google and Facebook have caused the near extinction of traditional newspapers.
The digitalization of the world with the Internet has enabled tech behemoths like Apple, Amazon, Google and Facebook to dominate and rule over traditional companies. The grip of these tech giants is so extensive that it makes you wonder if the choices you make are truly your own or influenced by the data they have on you as a user.
We see the blockchain revolution happening in three phases. The first was how Bitcoin showed the world what digital currency is. The second refers to how Ethereum has provided a platform to build decentralized assets easily. The clearest use case of that has come in the form of the thousands of altcoins seen today that we all are familiar with. The third phase is what many blockchain companies are trying to do now: 1) to bring the performance of blockchain to a whole new level (transaction speed, throughput, sharding, etc.) and 2) to change the course of traditional industries and platforms—including the Internet and user dynamics.
Public blockchains allow trustless transactions. If everything can be transacted on the blockchain in a decentralized manner, the information will flow more efficiently than traditional offerings, without the interception of intermediators. It will level the playing field and prevent data monopolization thus allowing small innovators to develop and flourish by leveraging the resources and data shared on the blockchain.

The Blockchain revolution will be the biggest digital revolution

In order to displace an incumbent technology with something new, we believe the change and improvement which the new technology has to bring will have to be at least a tenfold improvement on all aspects including speed, transparency, scalability and governance (consensus). We are excited to say that the time for this 10-times change is here. It’s time to take it up 10x with Function X.
Function X or f(x) is an ecosystem built entirely on and for the blockchain. Everything in f(x) (including the application source code, transmission protocol and hardware) is completely decentralized and secure. Every bit and byte in f(x) is part of the blockchain.
What we have developed is not just a public chain. It is a total decentralized solution. It consists of five core components: Function X Operating System (OS); Function X distributed ledger (Blockchain); Function X IPFS; FXTP Protocol and Function X Decentralized Docker. All five components serve a single purpose which is to decentralize all services, apps, websites, communications and, most importantly, data.
The purpose of Function X OS is to allow smart hardware and IoTs to harness the upside and potential utility of the decentralization approach. We have built an in-house solution for how mobile phones can leverage Function X OS in the form of the XPhone. Other companies can also employ the Function X OS and further customize it for their own smart devices. Every smart device in the Function X ecosystem can be a node and each will have its own address and private key, uniquely linked to their node names. The OS is based on the Android OS 9.0, therefore benefiting from backward compatibility with Android apps. The Function X OS supports Android apps and Google services (referred to as the traditional mode), as well as the newly developed decentralized services (referred to as the blockchain mode). Other XPhone features powered by the Function X OS will be elaborated on in the following sections.
Using the Function X Ecosystem (namely Function X FXTP), the transmission of data runs on a complex exchange of public and private key data and encryption but never through a centralized intermediary. Hence it guarantees communication without interception and gives users direct access to the data shared by others. Any information that is sent or transacted over the Function X Blockchain will also be recorded on the chain and fully protected by encryption so the ownesender has control over data sharing. And that is how a decentralized system for communications works.
For developers and users transitioning to the Function X platform, it will be a relatively seamless process. We have intentionally designed the process of creating and publishing new decentralized applications (DApps) on Function X to be easy, such that the knowledge and experience from developing and using Android will be transferable. With that in mind, a single line of code in most traditional apps can be modified, and developers can have their transmission protocol moved from the traditional HTTP mode (centralized) to a decentralized mode, thus making the transmission “ownerless” because data can transmit through the network of nodes without being blocked by third parties. How services can be ported easily or built from scratch as DApps will also be explained in the following sections, employing technologies in the Function X ecosystem (namely Function X IPFS, FXTP Protocol and Decentralized Docker).

f(x) Chain

f(x) chain is a set of consensus algorithms in the form of a distributed ledger, as part of the Function X ecosystem. The blockchain is the building block of our distributed ledger that stores and verifies transactions including financials, payments, communications (phone calls, file transfers, storage), services (DApps) and more.
Will Function X launch a mainnet?
Yes. The f(x) chain is a blockchain hence there will be a mainnet.
When will the testnet be launched?
Q2 2019 (projected).
When will the mainnet be launched?
Q3 2019 (projected).
How is the Function X blockchain designed?
The f(x) chain is designed based on the philosophy that any blockchain should be able to address real-life market demand of a constantly growing peer-to-peer network. It is a blockchain with high throughput achieved with a combination of decentralized hardware support (XPOS, XPhone, etc.) and open-source software toolkit enhancements.
What are the physical devices that will be connected to the Function X blockchain?
In due course, the XPOS OS will be replaced by the f(x) OS. On the other hand, the XPhone was designed with full f(x) OS integration in mind, from the ground up. After the f(x) OS onboarding, and with adequate stability testings and improvements, XPOS and XPhone will then be connected to the f(x) Chain.
What are the different elements of a block?
Anything that is transmittable over the distributed network can be stored in the block, including but not limited to phone call records, websites, data packets, source code, etc. It is worth noting that throughout these processes, all data is encrypted and only the owner of the private key has the right to decide how the data should be shared, stored, decrypted or even destroyed.
Which consensus mechanism is used?
Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance (PBFT).
What are the other implementations of Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance (PBFT)?
Flight systems that require very low latency. For example, SpaceX’s flight system, Dragon, uses PBFT design philosophy. [Appendix]
How do you create a much faster public chain?
We believe in achieving higher speed, thus hardware and software configurations matter. If your hardware is limited in numbers or processing power, this will limit the transaction speed which may pose security risks. The Ethereum network consists of about 25,000 nodes spread across the globe now, just two years after it was launched. Meanwhile, the Bitcoin network currently has around 7,000 nodes verifying the network. As for Pundi X, with the deployment plan (by us and our partners) for XPOS, XPhone and potentially other smart devices, we anticipate that we will be able to surpass the number of Bitcoin and Ethereum nodes within 1 to 2 years. There are also plans for a very competitive software implementation of our public blockchain, the details for which we will be sharing in the near future.

f(x) OS

The f(x) OS is an Android-modified operating system that is also blockchain-compatible. You can switch seamlessly between the blockchain and the traditional mode. In the blockchain mode, every bit and byte is fully decentralized including your calls, messages, browsers and apps. When in traditional mode, the f(x) OS supports all Android features.
Android is the most open and advanced operating system for smart hardware with over 2 billion monthly active users. Using Android also fits into our philosophy of being an OS/software designer and letting third-party hardware makers produce the hardware for the Function X Ecosystem.
What kind of open source will it be?
This has not been finalized, but the options we are currently considering are Apache or GNU GPLv3.
What kind of hardware will it work on?
The f(x) OS works on ARM architecture, hence it works on most smartphones, tablet computers, smart TVs, Android Auto and smartwatches in the market.
Will you build a new browser?
We are currently using a modified version of the Google Chrome browser. The browser supports both HTTP and FXTP, which means that apart from distributed FXTP contents, users can view traditional contents, such ashttps://www.google.com.
What is the Node Name System (NNS)?
A NNS is a distributed version of the traditional Domain Name System. A NNS allows every piece of Function X hardware, including the XPhone, to have a unique identity. This identity will be the unique identifier and can be called anything with digits and numbers, such as ‘JohnDoe2018’ or ‘AliceBob’. More on NNS in the following sections.
Will a third-party device running the f(x) OS be automatically connected to the f(x) blockchain?
Yes, third-party devices will be connected to the f(x) blockchain automatically.

f(x) FXTP

A transmission protocol defines the rules to allow information to be sent via a network. On the Internet, HTTP is a transmission protocol that governs how information such as website contents can be sent, received and displayed. FXTP is a transmission protocol for the decentralized network.
FXTP is different from HTTP because it is an end-to-end transmission whereby your data can be sent, received and displayed based on a consensus mechanism rather than a client-server based decision-making mechanism. In HTTP, the server (which is controlled by an entity) decides how and if the data is sent (or even monitored), whereas in FXTP, the data is sent out and propagates to the destination based on consensus.
HTTP functions as a request–response protocol in the client-server computing model. A web browser, for example, may be the client and an application running on a computer hosting a website may be the server. FXTP functions as a propagation protocol via a consensus model. A node that propagates the protocol and its packet content is both a “client” and a “server”, hence whether a packet reaches a destination is not determined by any intermediate party and this makes it more secure.

f(x) IPFS

IPFS is a protocol and network designed to store data in a distributed system. A person who wants to retrieve a file will call an identifier (hash) of the file, IPFS then combs through the other nodes and supplies the person with the file.
The file is stored on the IPFS network. If you run your own node, your file would be stored only on your node and available for the world to download. If someone else downloads it and seeds it, then the file will be stored on both your node the node of the individual who downloaded it (similar to BitTorrent).
IPFS is decentralized and more secure, which allows faster file and data transfer.

f(x) DDocker

Docker is computer program designed to make it easier to create, deploy, and run applications. Containers allow a developer to package up an application including libraries, and ship it all out as a package.
As the name suggests, Decentralized Docker is an open platform for developers to build, ship and run distributed applications. Developers will be able to store, deploy and run their codes remote in different locations and the codes are secure in a decentralized way.

XPhone

Beyond crypto: First true blockchain phone that is secured and decentralized to the core
XPhone is the world’s first blockchain phone which is designed with innovative features that are not found on other smartphones.
Powered by Function X, an ecosystem built entirely on and for the blockchain, XPhone runs on a new transmission protocol for the blockchain age. The innovation significantly expands the use of blockchain technology beyond financial transfers.
Unlike traditional phones which require a centralized service provider, XPhone runs independently without the need for that. Users can route phone calls and messages via blockchain nodes without the need for phone numbers.
Once the XPhone is registered on the network, for e.g., by a user named Pitt, if someone wants to access Pitt’s publicly shared data or content, that user can just enter FXTP://xxx.Pitt. This is similar to what we do for the traditional https:// protocol.
Whether Pitt is sharing photos, data, files or a website, they can be accessed through this path. And if Pitt’s friends would like to contact him, they can call, text or email his XPhone simply by entering “call.pitt”, “message.pitt”, or “mail.pitt”.
The transmission of data runs on a complex exchange of public and private key data with encryption. It can guarantee communication without interception and gives users direct access to the data shared by others. Any information that is sent or transacted over the Function X Blockchain will also be recorded on the chain.
Toggle between now and the future
Blockchain-based calling and messaging can be toggled on and off on the phone operating system which is built on Android 9.0. XPhone users can enjoy all the blockchain has to offer, as well as the traditional functionalities of an Android smartphone.
We’ll be sharing more about the availability of the XPhone and further applications of Function X in the near future.

DApps

DApps for mass adoption
So far the use of decentralized applications has been disappointing. But what if there was a straightforward way to bring popular, existing apps into a decentralized environment, without rebuilding everything? Until now, much of what we call peer-to-peer or ‘decentralized’ services continue to be built on centralized networks. We set out to change that with Function X; to disperse content now stored in the hands of the few, and to evolve services currently controlled by central parties.
Use Cases: Sharing economy
As seen from our ride-hailing DApp example that was demonstrated in New York back in November 2018, moving towards true decentralization empowers the providers of services and not the intermediaries. In the same way, the XPhone returns power to users over how their data is being shared and with whom. Function X will empower content creators to determine how their work is being displayed and used.
Use Cases: Free naming
One of the earliest alternative cryptocurrencies, Namecoin, wanted to use a blockchain to provide a name registration system, where users can register their names to create a unique identity. It is similar to the DNS system mapping to IP addresses. With the Node Name System (NNS) it is now possible to do this on the blockchain.
NNS is a distributed version of the traditional Domain Name System. A NNS allows every piece of Function X hardware, including the XPhone, to have a unique identifier that can be named anything with digits and numbers, such as ‘JohnDoe2018’ or ‘AliceBob’.
Use Cases: Mobile data currency
According to a study, mobile operator data revenues are estimated at over $600 billion USD by 2020, equivalent to $50 billion USD per month [appendix]. Assuming users are able to use services such as blockchain calls provided by XPhone (or other phones using Function X) the savings will be immense and the gain from profit can be passed on to providers such as DApp developers in Function X. In other words, instead of paying hefty bills to a mobile carrier for voice calls, users can pay less by making blockchain calls, and the fees paid are in f(x) coins. More importantly users will have complete privacy over their calls.
Use Cases: Decentralized file storage
Ethereum contracts claim to allow for the development of a decentralized file storage ecosystem, “where individual users can earn small quantities of money by renting out their own hard drives and unused space can be used to further drive down the costs of file storage.” However, they do not necessarily have the hardware to back this up. With the deployment of XPOS, smart hardware nodes and more, Function X is a natural fit for Decentralized File Storage. In fact, it is basically what f(x) IPFS is built for.
These are just four examples of the many use cases purported, and there can, will and should be more practical applications beyond these; we are right in the middle of uncharted territories.

Tokenomics

Decentralized and autonomous
The f(x) ecosystem is fully decentralized. It’s designed and built to run autonomously in perpetuity without the reliance or supervision of any individual or organization. To support this autonomous structure, f(x) Coin which is the underlying ‘currency’ within the f(x) ecosystem has to be decentralized in terms of its distribution, allocation, control, circulation and the way it’s being generated.
To get the structure of f(x) properly set up, the founding team will initially act as ‘initiators’ and ‘guardians’ of the ecosystem. The role of the team will be similar to being a gatekeeper to prevent any bad actors or stakeholders playing foul. At the same time, the team will facilitate good players to grow within the ecosystem. Once the f(x) ecosystem is up and running, the role of the founding team will be irrelevant and phased out. The long term intention of the team is to step away, allowing the ecosystem to run and flourish by itself.

Utility

In this section, we will explore the utility of the f(x) Coin. f(x) Coin is the native ‘currency’ of the Function X blockchain and ecosystem. All services rendered in the ecosystem will be processed, transacted with, or “fueled” by the f(x) Coin. Some of the proposed use cases include:
  • For service providers: Getting paid by developers, companies and consumers for providing storage nodes, DDocker and improvement of network connections. The role of service providers will be described in greater detail in the rest of the paper.
  • For consumers: Paying for service fees for the DApps, nodes, network resources, storage solutions and other services consumed within the f(x) ecosystem.
  • For developers: Paying for services and resources rendered in the ecosystem such as smart contract creation, file storage (paid to IPFS service provider), code hosting (paid to DDocker service provider), advertisements (paid to other developers) and design works. Developers can also get paid by enterprises or organizations that engaged in the developer’s services.
  • For enterprises or organizations: Paying for services provided by developers and advertisers. Services provided to consumers will be charged and denominated in f(x) Coin.
  • For phone and hardware manufacturers: Paying for further Function X OS customizations. It is worth noting that Pundi X Labs plan to only build a few thousand devices of the XPhone flagship handsets, and leave the subsequent market supply to be filled by third-party manufacturers using our operating system.
  • For financial institutions: receiving payments for financial services rendered in the ecosystem.
  • Applications requiring high throughput.
Hence f(x) Coin can be used as ‘currency’ for the below services,
  • In-app purchases
  • Blockchain calls
  • Smart contract creations
  • Transaction fees
  • Advertisements
  • Hosting fees
  • Borderless/cross-border transactions
We believe f(x) Coin utilization will be invariably higher than other coins in traditional chains due to the breadth of the f(x) ecosystem. This includes storage services and network resources on f(x) that will utilize the f(x) Coin as “fuel” for execution and validation of transactions.
Example 1: A developer creates a ride-hailing DApp called DUber.
DUber developer first uploads the image and data to IPFS (storage) and code to DDocker, respectively. The developer then pays for a decentralized code hosting service provided by the DDocker, and a decentralized file hosting service provided by the IPFS. Please note the storage hosting and code hosting services can be provided by a company, or by a savvy home user with smart nodes connected to the Function X ecosystem. Subsequently, a DUber user pays the developer.
Example 2: User Alice sends an imaginary token called ABCToken to Bob.
ABCToken is created using Function X smart contract. Smart nodes hosted at the home of Charlie help confirms the transaction, Charlie is paid by Alice (or both Alice and Bob).

The flow of f(x) Coin

Four main participants in f(x): Consumer (blue), Developer (blue), Infrastructure (blue), and Financial Service Provider (green)
Broadly speaking, there can be four main participants in the f(x) ecosystem, exhibited by the diagram above:
  • Consumer: Users enjoy the decentralized services available in the f(x) ecosystem
  • Infrastructure Service Provider: Providing infrastructures that make up the f(x) ecosystem such as those provided by mobile carriers, decentralized clouds services.
  • Developer: Building DApp on the f(x) network such as decentralized IT, hospitality and financial services apps.
  • Financial Service Provider: Providing liquidity for the f(x) Coin acting as an exchange.
The f(x) ecosystem’s value proposition:
  • Infrastructure service providers can offer similar services that they already are providing in other markets such as FXTP, DDocker and IPFS, to earn f(x) Coin.
  • Developers can modify their existing Android apps to be compatible with the f(x) OS environment effortlessly, and potentially earn f(x) Coin.
  • Developers, at the same time, also pay for the infrastructure services used for app creation.
  • Consumers immerse in the decentralized app environments and pay for services used in f(x) Coin.
  • Developer and infrastructure service providers can earn rewards in f(x) Coin by providing their services. They can also monetize it through a wide network of financial service providers to earn some profit, should they decide to do so.
Together, the four participants in this ecosystem will create a positive value flow. As the number of service providers grow, the quality of service will be enhanced, subsequently leading to more adoption. Similarly, more consumers means more value is added to the ecosystem by attracting more service providers,and creating f(x) Coin liquidity. Deep liquidity of f(x) Coin will attract more financial service providers to enhance the stability and quality of liquidity. This will attract more service providers to the ecosystem.
Figure: four main participants of the ecosystem The rationale behind f(x) Coin generation is the Proof of Service concept (PoS)
Service providers are crucial in the whole f(x) Ecosystem, the problem of motivation/facilitation has become our priority. We have to align our interests with theirs. Hence, we have set up a Tipping Jar (similar to mining) to motivate and facilitate the existing miners shift to the f(x) Ecosystem and become part of the infrastructure service provider or attract new players into our ecosystem. Income for service provider = Service fee (from payer) + Tipping (from f(x) network generation)
The idea is that the f(x) blockchain will generate a certain amount of f(x) Coin (diminishing annually) per second to different segments of service provider, such as in the 1st year, the f(x) blockchain will generate 3.5 f(x) Coin per second and it will be distributed among the infrastructure service provider through the Proof of Service concept. Every service provider such as infrastructure service providers, developers and financial service providers will receive a ‘certificate’ of Proof of Service in the blockchain after providing the service and redeeming the f(x) Coin.
Example: There are 3 IPFS providers in the market, and the total Tipping Jar for that specific period is 1 million f(x) Coin. Party A contributes 1 TB; Party B contributes 3 TB and Party C contributes 6 TB. So, Party A will earn 1/10 * 1 million = 100k f(x) Coin; Party B will earn 3/10 * 1 million = 300k f(x) Coin. Party C will earn 6/10 * 1 million = 600k f(x) Coin.
Note: The computation method of the distribution of the Tipping Jar might vary due to the differences in the nature of the service, period and party.
Figure: Circulation flow of f(x) Coin
The theory behind the computation.
Blockchain has integrated almost everything, such as storage, scripts, nodes and communication. This requires a large amount of bandwidth and computation resources which affects the transaction speed and concurrency metric.
In order to do achieve the goal of being scalable with high transaction speed, the f(x) blockchain has shifted out all the ‘bulky’ and ‘heavy duty’ functions onto other service providers, such as IPFS, FXTP, etc. We leave alone what blockchain technology does best: Calibration. Thus, the role of the Tipping Jar is to distribute the appropriate tokens to all participants.
Projected f(x) Coin distribution per second in the first year
According to Moore’s Law, the number of transistors in a densely integrated circuit doubles about every 18 -24 months. Thus, the performance of hardware doubles every 18-24 months. Taking into consideration Moore’s Law, Eric Schmidt said if you maintain the same hardware specs, the earnings will be cut in half after 18-24 months. Therefore, the normal Tipping Jar (reward) for an infrastructure service provider will decrease 50% every 18 months. In order to encourage infrastructure service providers to upgrade their hardware, we have set up another iteration and innovation contribution pool (which is worth of 50% of the normal Tipping Jar on the corresponding phase) to encourage the infrastructure service provider to embrace new technology.
According to the Andy-Bill’s law, “What Andy gives, Bill takes away”; software will always nibble away the extra performance of the hardware. The more performance a piece of hardware delivers, the more the software consumes. Thus, the developer will always follow the trend to maintain and provide high-quality service. The Tipping Jar will increase by 50% (based upon the previous quota) every 18 months.
Financial service providers will have to support the liquidation of the whole ecosystem along the journey, the Tipping Jar (FaaS) will increase by 50% by recognizing the contribution and encouraging innovation.
From the 13th year (9th phase), the Tipping Jar will reduce by 50% every 18 months. We are well aware that the “cliff drop” after the 12th year is significant. Hence, we have created a 3year (two-phase) diminishing transition period. The duration of each phase is 18 months. There are 10 phases in total which will last for a total of 15 years.
According to Gartner’s report, the blockchain industry is forecast to reach a market cap of
3.1 trillion USD in 2030. Hence, we believe a Tipping Jar of 15 years will allow the growth of Function X into the “mature life cycle” of the blockchain industry.

f(x) Coin / Token Allocation

Token allocation We believe great blockchain projects attempt to equitably balance the interests of different segments of the community. We hope to motivate and incentivize token holders by allocating a total of 65% of tokens from the Token Generation Event (TGE). Another 20% is allocated to the Ecosystem Genesis Fund for developer partnerships, exchanges and other such related purposes. The remaining 15% will go to engineering, product development and marketing. There will be no public or private sales for f(x) tokens.
NPXS / NPXSXEM is used to make crypto payments as easy as buying bottled water, while f(x) is used for the operation of a decentralized ecosystem and blockchain, consisting of DApps and other services. NPXS / NPXSXEM will continue to have the same functionality and purpose after the migration to the Function X blockchain in the future. Therefore, each token will be expected to assume different fundamental roles and grant different rights to the holders.
https://preview.redd.it/xohy6c6pprv21.png?width=509&format=png&auto=webp&s=a2c0bd0034805c5f055c3fea4bd3ba48eb59ff07
65% of allocation for NPXS / NPXSXEM holders is broken down into the following: 15% is used for staking (see below) 45% is used for conversion to f(x) tokens. (see below) 5% is used for extra bonus tasks over 12 months (allocation TBD).

https://preview.redd.it/6jmpfhmxprv21.png?width=481&format=png&auto=webp&s=c9eb2c124e0181c0851b7495028a317b5c9cd6b7
https://preview.redd.it/1pjcycv0qrv21.png?width=478&format=png&auto=webp&s=c529d5d99d760281efd0c3229edac494d5ed7750
Remarks All NPXS / NPXSXEM tokens that are converted will be removed from the total supply of NPXS / NPXSXEM; Pundi X will not convert company's NPXS for f(x) Tokens. This allocation is designed for NPXS/NPXSXEM long term holders. NPXS / NPXSXEM tokens that are converted will also be entitled to the 15% f(x) Token distribution right after the conversion.

Usage

Management of the Ecosystem Genesis Fund (EGF)
The purpose of setting up the Ecosystem Initialization Fund, is to motivate, encourage and facilitate service providers to join and root into the f(x) Ecosystem and, at the same time, to attract seed consumers to enrich and enlarge the f(x) Ecosystem. EIF comes from funds raised and will be used as a bootstrap mechanism to encourage adoption before the Tipping Jar incentives fully kicks in.
The EGF is divided into 5 parts:
  1. Consumer (10%): To attract consumers and enlarge the customer base;
  2. Developer (20%): To encourage developers to create DApps on the f(x) blockchain;
  3. Infrastructure Service Provider (20%): To set up or shift to the f(x) infrastructure;
  4. Financial Service Provider (20%): To create a trading platform for f(x) Coin and increase liquidity; and
  5. Emergency bridge reserve (30%): To facilitate or help the stakeholders in f(x) during extreme market condition
To implement the spirit of decentralization and fairness, the EGF will be managed by a consensus-based committee, called the f(x) Open Market Committee (FOMC).

Summary

Time moves fast in the technology world and even faster in the blockchain space. Pundi X’s journey started in October 2017, slightly over a year ago, and we have been operating at a lightning pace ever since, making progress that can only be measured in leaps and bounds. We started as a blockchain payment solution provider and have evolved into a blockchain service provider to make blockchain technology more accessible to the general public, thereby improving your everyday life.
The creation of Function X was driven by the need to create a better suited platform for our blockchain point-of sale network and through that process, the capabilities of Function X have allowed us to extend blockchain usage beyond finance applications like payment solutions and cryptocurrency.
The complete decentralized ecosystem of Function X will change and benefit organizations, developers, governments and most importantly, society as a whole.
The XPhone prototype which we have created is just the start to give everyone a taste of the power of Function X on how you can benefit from a truly decentralized environment. We envision a future where the XPOS, XPhone and other Function X-enabled devices work hand-in-hand to make the decentralized autonomous ecosystem a reality.
You may wonder how are we able to create such an extensive ecosystem within a short span of time? We are fortunate that in today’s open source and sharing economy, we are able to tap onto the already established protocols (such as Consensus algorithm, FXTP, etc), software (like Android, IPFS, PBFT, Dockers, etc.) and hardware (design knowledge from existing experts) which were developed by selfless generous creators. Function X puts together, aggregates and streamlines all the benefits and good of these different elements and make them work better and seamlessly on the blockchain. And we will pay it forward by making Function X as open and as decentralized as possible so that others may also use Function X to create bigger and better projects.
To bring Function X to full fruition, we will continue to operate in a transparent and collaborative way. Our community will continue to be a key pillar for us and be even more vital as we get Function X up and running. As a community member, you will have an early access to the Function X ecosystem through the f(x) token conversion.
We hope you continue to show your support as we are working hard to disrupt the space and re-engineer this decentralized world.

Reference

Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance
http://pmg.csail.mit.edu/papers/osdi99.pdf
Byzantine General Problem technical paper
https://web.archive.org/web/20170205142845/http://lamport.azurewebsites.net/pubs/byz.pdf
Global mobile data revenues to reach $630 billion by 2020
https://www.parksassociates.com/blog/article/pr-07112016
NPXSXEM token supply
https://medium.com/pundix/a-closer-look-at-npxsxem-token-supply-843598d0e7b6
NPXS circulating token supply and strategic purchaser
https://medium.com/pundix/total-token-supply-and-strategic-investors-b41717021583
[total supply might differ from time to time due to token taken out of total supply aka “burn”]
ELC: SpaceX lessons learned (PBFT mentioned) https://lwn.net/Articles/540368/

Full: https://functionx.io/assets/file/Function_X_Concept_Paper_v2.0.pdf
submitted by crypt0hodl1 to PundiX [link] [comments]

Crypto Telegram Groups

Cryptocurrencies:
@AelfBlockchain - ELF@Aeternity - AE@ArdorPlatform - ARDR@ArkEcosystem - ARK@AugurProject - REP@BATProject - BAT@BeamPrivacy - BEAM@LetsLiveBela - BELA@BitbayOfficial - BCN@Bitcoin - BTC@BitcoinCore - BTC@BitcoinCashFork - BCH@BitcoinGoldHQ - BTG@Bitshares_Community - BTS@BSVChat - BSV@BTTBitTorrent - BTT@BytecoinChat - BCN@BytomInternational - BTM@CallistoNet - CLO@CardanoGeneral - ADA@CentralityOfficialTelegram CENNZ@CloakProject - CLOAK@ChainLinkOfficial - LINK@CosmosProject - ATOM@Counterparty_XCP - XCP@CryptoComOfficial - MCO@CyberMilesToken - CMT@Dash_Chat - DASH@Decred - DCR@Dfinity - DFN@DigiBytecoin - DGB@DigixDAO - DGD@TheDogeHouse - DOGE@Electracoin - ECA@Emercoin_Official - EMC@EnigmaProject - ENG@EOSProject - EOS@EthClassic - ETC@Ether - ETH@EUNOofficial - EUNO@Everipedia - IQ@FactomFCT - FCT@Filecoin - FIL@GnosisPM - GNO@Grincoin - GRIN@Groestl - GRS@Hyperledger@IOTAtangle - IOTA@KomodoPlatform_Official - KMD@KyberNetwork - KNC@LAToken - LA@Litecoin - LTC@MaidSafeCoin - MAID@MakerDAOOfficial - MKR@Monero - XMR@Namecoin - NMC@Navcoin - NAV@Nemred - XEM@Neo_Blockchain - NEO@NervaXNV - XNV@Nimiq - NIM@NxtCommunity - NXT@OmiseGo - OMG@OmniLayer - OMNI@OntologyNetwork - ONT@Peercoin - PPC@PolymathNetwork - POLY@QtumOfficial - QTUM@RavencoinDev - RVN@Ripple - XRP@RSKOfficialCommunity - RIF@Siacoin - SIA@SirinLabs - SRN@Sonm_Eng - SNM@StellarLumens - XLM@StratisPlatform - STRAT@TezosPlatform - XTZ@TronNetworkEN - TRX@UnobtaniumUNO - UNO@Vechain_Official_English - VET@VertcoinCrypto - VTC@Viacoin - VIA@ViberateOfficial - VIB@VSYSOfficialGroup - VSYS@WavesCommunity - WAVES@ZB_English - ZB@ZCashco - ZEC@ZClassicCoin - ZCL@ZCoinProject - XZC

Crypto Communities:
@Aetrader - EN@Allemaalrijk - NL@Altcoins - EN @ArgenPool - ES@AussieCrypto - EN @UKBitcoin - EN@Binarydotcom - EN@BitcoinChat - EN @BitcoinInvestimento - PT @BitNovosti - RU @BitUniverse - EN@BlockhcainMinersGroup - EN@BsodPool - RU@BTCFinland - EN@BTChat - RU@BullBearr - EN@CoinFarm - EN @CoinGecko - EN @CoinMarketCap - EN @CoinPaprika - EN @CrypticIndia - EN@Crypto_CN - ZH @Crypto_ON - RU @CryptoAdvisorOfficial - EN@CryptoAquarium - EN @CryptoBeats - EN @CryptoBoerderij - NL @CryptoCharity - EN@CryptoCoinClub - EN@CryptoExpo_Moscow - RU@CryptoGene - EN@CryptoGifs - EN @CryptoGurusOfficial - EN@CryptoInsidersLobby -@CryptoHispanonet - ES@CryptoMining - EN @CryptoMondayDE - DE@CryptoOnMining - RU@CryptoRomania - RO @CryptoTipsChatFR - EN@CrypVision - DE @ElijaBoomC - EN@FanaticosCriptos - PT @ICOCountdown - EN@ILoveNina - EN@IndiaBits - EN @Kampungkoin - EN@KriptoTurkiye - TR @KryptoCoinsDE - DE@KryptoDETrading - DE @KryptoVerSteuerung - DE@MinerSpeak - EN@MiningBazar - RU @MMCryptoENG - EN@RepublicCrypto - EN@SideChains - EN@SmartContracts - EN@SportsBet - EN @StrapeCharts - EN@TamilBTC - EN@TheCoinFarm - EN @TheCryptoMob - EN@TokenMarket - EN@TrezorTalk - EN@Trollbox - EN @WCSETalks - EN@WhaleClub - EN (Invite Only)@WhaleClubClassRoom - EN@WhalePoolBTC - EN @WhaleTankChat - EN@XMRMine - EN
Crypto News Channels:
@AltCoin - EN@Avalbit - EN@Bit_Novosti - RU @BitcoinBravado - EN @BitcoinChannel - EN@BitcoinExchangeGuide - EN@BitcoinMagazinebot - EN @BitOracle - RU@BitRu - RU@CDiamonds - EN@Coin_Analyse - DE@CoinCentral - EN@CoinDesk - EN @CoinGape - EN@CoinNewsChannel - EN@CoinNewsDE - DE@CoinTelegraph - EN @Cointified - EN @Cripto247 - ES@CriptoNoticias - ES @Crypto_News_Channel - EN@CryptoAlerts - EN @CryptoAMB - EN@CryptoAsiaNews - ZH @CryptoChan - RU@CryptoClubAlerts - EN@CryptoCurrency - EN@CryptoExplorerChannel - EN@CryptoMartez - EN@CryptoNinja_News - EN@CryptoNyka - RU@CryptoRankNews - EN @CryptoSentinel - EN@CryptoSeson2020 - EN@CryptoSlateNews - EN@CryptoSnippets - EN@DecentralBox - DE @ForkLog - RU @JingBao - ZH @Krepta_News - RU@Krypto_Deutschland - DE@KryptoNachrichten - DE@NewCryptoJournal - EN@MGonCrypto - EN @OneMinuteLetter - EN@RichardsCalls - EN@SmartLiquidNews - EN@TheBCJ - RU @TONorg - EN @Unfolded - EN @WhalebotAlerts - EN @Xblockchain - FA

Trading Analysis:
@Altchica - EN@AltcoinWhales - EN @AnhemTrader - VI@Bitafta - EN@CacheStation - EN @Checksig - EN @CryptoCharters - EN @CryptoCredTA - EN @CryptoInMinutes - EN@CryptoScanner100Eyes - EN @ExcavoChannel - EN@KXiantu - ZH @Pierre_Crypt0_Public - EN@PsychoChromatic - EN @SalsaTekila - EN@ScalpingMF - EN@T45Investments - RU@TASmartAlerts - EN@TheLionDen - EN@TraderMillClub - EN@WCSEChannel - EN@WCSERussia - RU@WhaleTank - EN@WinterWolvesTA - EN @WolfPackSignals - EN
Indicator Bots:
@Crypto_Scanner - EN@CryptoQuantBotChannel - EN@BitmexRekts - EN@BounceBotBin - EN@Coin_Pulse - EN@Coin_Pulse_Listing - EN@CoinTrendz - EN @CryptoChan_HighLowPulse - EN @DataLightMe - EN@WallMonitor - EN @Whale_Alert_io - EN @WhaleCalls - EN @WhalepoolBTCFeed - EN @WhaleSniper - EN
submitted by Aztek_btc to cryptogroups [link] [comments]

Onename moving from namecoin to bitcoin blockchian

Onename moving from namecoin to bitcoin blockchian submitted by bubbasparse to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Namecoin is currently 51% attack vulnerable right now.

I know this belongs in /namecoin, but there isn't a lot of activity there, and I'm curious what they could do with this, as its all about a blockchain hopefully someone here can help me understand this a little better. Thanks in advance for anything I learn of this, it's fascinating to me.
Ghash.io has 54.4% nmc hashpower.
My original post...
http://www.reddit.com/Namecoin/comments/1v7ypd/namecoin_is_51_vulnerable_right_now_wont_this/
submitted by DeviousNes to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Bitcoin mining is a bit more than just number crunching

The charming cryptocurrency and the many ideas that surface in the minds of the observers typically surround couple of apparent concerns - how does it enter being and what about its flow? The response, nevertheless, is uncomplicated. Bitcoins need to be mined, in order to make the cryptocurrency exist in the Bitcoin market. The mystical developer of Bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto, imagined a method to exchange the important cryptocurrencies online, by getting rid of the need for any central organization. For Bitcoins, there's an alternative method to hold the essential records of the deal history of the whole blood circulation, and all this is handled through a decentralized way.
The journal that helps with the procedure is called the "blockchain". The essence of this journal may need lots of newsprint for appearing frequently at all popular Bitcoin news. Blockchain broadens every minute, existing on the makers associated with the big Bitcoin network. Individuals might question the credibility, even credibility, of these deals and their recordings into Blockchain. This too is nevertheless warranted, through the procedure of Bitcoin mining. Mining allows production of brand-new Bitcoin and assembling deals to the journal. Mining basically involves fixing of complex mathematical estimations, and the miners utilize enormous computing power to resolve it. The private or 'swimming pool' that resolves the puzzle, positions the subsequent block and wins a benefit too. And, how mining can prevent double-spending? Practically every 10 minutes, impressive deals are mined into a block. So, any disparity or illegitimacy is entirely dismissed.
For Bitcoins, mining is not mentioned in a conventional sense of the term. Bitcoins are mined by using cryptography. A hash function described as "double SHA-256" is used. However how tough is it to mine Bitcoins? This can be another inquiry. This depends a lot on the effort and computing power being used into mining. Another element worth pointing out is the software application procedure. For each 2016 blocks, problem involved in mining of Bitcoins is changed by itself just to keep the procedure. In turn, the rate of block generation is kept constant. A Bitcoin problem chart is an ideal procedure to show the mining trouble in time. The trouble level changes itself to increase or down in a straight proportional way, depending upon the computational power, whether it's being sustained or removed. As the variety of miners increase, portion of revenues been worthy of by the individuals decrease, everybody winds up with smaller sized pieces of the revenues.
Having private economies and neighborhoods, cryptocurrencies like Dogecoin, Namecoin or Peercoin, are called Altcoins. You can easily track your different cryptocurrency by using reputable portfolio trackers.These are options to Bitcoin. Practically like Bitcoins, these 'cousins' do have a substantial fan-following and enthusiasts who are eager to take a deep plunge into the big ocean and start to mine it. Algorithms used for Altcoin mining are either SHA-256 or Scrypt. Numerous other ingenious algorithms exist too. Alleviate, price and simpleness can render it possible to mine Altcoins on a PC or by using unique mining software application. Altcoins are a bit 'down to earth' compared to Bitcoins, yet changing them into huge dollars is a little challenging. Cryptocurrency enthusiasts can simply hope, if a few of them might witness the comparable huge popularity!
submitted by Katherine4512 to BitcoinBasic [link] [comments]

A brief history of the 2013 market peak; why some alts really do die; and what would've happened if you'd given in to FOMO

This piece is a follow-up to my earlier piece, which looked at what would’ve happened if you’d purchased alt-coins shortly after the bottom of the 2013-2015 bear market. A lot of the constructive criticism that I received was that I was too bullish on alt-coins, and that the timing was too convenient. Although it’s fair to say that I am bullish on crypto in general and alt-coins in particular (with several major caveats for both), I agree that it’s important to not just focus on historical analyses where it’s fairly clear that you could have earned money. So, today’s research question is whether you’d still be underwater if you’d bought in to the market at or near the 2013 all-time high. All information cited herein comes from the historical charts available at CoinMarketCap.
TL;DR: This worst-case scenario analysis shows that $300 invested equally across 15 of the 40 coins in existence near the market’s peak in 2013 would be worth only $429.95 today—gains which are entirely attributable to Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Ripple. This is basic, but it can be dangerous to buy high. This is especially true of alt-coins, but even the top three coins in our sample saw fairly lackluster results when bought at the top of the market. Finally, nothing in this post should be taken as investment advice. This is only intended as historical analysis. Past performance does not guarantee future returns.
A Brief History of the 2013 Market Peak
According to CoinMarketCap, the 2013 bull market peaked on December 4, 2013, at ~$15.87 billion in market capitalization.* Thereafter, the market crashed dramatically not once, but twice. In the first crash, which occurred between December 5-8, 2013, overall market cap fell by ~39% to ~$9.66 billion. Then, after a brief recovery to ~$13.57 billion on December 10th, the market fell precipitously, to ~$5.7 billion on December 18, 2013. Thus, over the course of only two weeks, from December 4-18, 2013, the market lost ~64% of its value. Although this was by no means the end of the 2013-2015 bear market--which lasted for approximately 17 months and saw an additional decline of ~45% from the December 18, 2013 low--this was the end of the beginning.
What If I Bought Crypto Right as the 2013 Market Peaked?
Generally, the first rule of trading is** that you want to buy low and sell high. As a result of their fear of missing out (“FOMO”), however, many people find themselves accidentally buying high. Today, I’m going to look at what would have happened to someone who bought their crypto right as the market was peaking. Ideally, I would run this experiment from December 4, 2013, but due to the limited data available from CoinMarketCap, I’m forced to choose between November 24th, December 1st, December 8th, and December 15th. Of those dates, I have selected December 1, 2013, because it represents the worst possible scenario for which I have data. On that date, total crypto market cap, which had hit a new high of ~$15.4 billion the day before, swung wildly between a high of ~$14.83 billion and a low of ~$12.18 billion. Unfortunately, it’s unclear exactly when CoinMarketCap’s snapshot was taken. That said, it’s clear that our hypothetical FOMO trader is about to lose his shirt over the next few weeks, so let’s dive into the specifics.
On December 1, 2013, there were 40 coins listed on CoinMarketCap. I won’t list them all here, but of those 40, all but 11 are still listed as active on CoinMarketCap. The truly dead (or “inactive”) coins are BBQCoin (BQC; rank 16), Devcoin (DVC; rank 19), Tickets (TIX; rank 22), Copperlark (CLR; rank 24), StableCoin (SBC; rank 25), Luckycoin (LKY—ironic, I realize; rank 31), Franko (FRK; rank 34), Bytecoin (BTE; rank 35), Junkcoin (JKE—how apt; rank 36), CraftCoin (CRC; rank 39), and Colossuscoin (COL; rank 40).***
Now, since this post is already incredibly long, instead of testing all 40 coins, let’s take a decently-sized sample of five coins each from the top, middle, and bottom of the stack, and look at what happens. For the middle, although the temptation is to take decent alts, let’s fight that and take the group with the highest failure rate: ranks 21-25. So, here’s out pool:
Now, here are how our sample of coins has performed as of when I write this:****
So, if our hypothetical FOMO trader had invested $100 in our top-five sample near the 2013 peak, it would currently be worth $411.80 (the profitable coins) + $3.06 (PPC) + $4.27 (NMC) = $419.13—a 4.19x increase.
Now for the two coins in the middle five that didn’t completely die:
So, if our hypothetical FOMO trader had invested $100 in our middle-five sample near the 2013 peak, it would currently be worth ~$15.19—an ~84.8% loss.
Finally, here are the two coins from the bottom five that didn’t completely die:
So, excluding everything buy Argentum, if our hypothetical FOMO trader had invested $100 in our bottom-five sample near the 2013 peak, it would currently be worth ~$2.96—a ~97% loss. Putting it all together, $300 invested in this sample of 15 coins as close to the peak of the 2013 market as the data will let me get, would be worth $429.95—a disappointing, but not-unexpected ~30.2% increase over five years. That said, I’m honestly somewhat amazed our FOMO trader made anything at all on this basket of coins, considering how many of them failed. In any case, all of his gains came from the top-three coins from 2013: Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Ripple.
Conclusions
What’s the lesson here, what’s the takeaway?***** Most importantly, I think the above analysis shows that it can be very dangerous to buy alt-coins when the market is at or near an all-time high—a conclusion that appears to be true regardless of where the alt is positioned in the market. That said, there are a few caveats: (1) this sample was intentionally bad, in order to reflect a worst-case scenario; (2) even buying the top-three coins at the all-time high didn’t net our FOMO trader particularly large gains when compared to someone who bought these same coins after the crash. Therefore, I think that the most important lesson here is not to buy high in the first place. Investing solely because of FOMO will probably cause you to lose money, unless you have invested equally in a broad range of cryptocurrencies, like the trader in our hypothetical. Even then, however, our FOMO trader probably would have done better investing in an S&P Index fund over the same period.
Endnotes
*This is a correction to my earlier piece, in which I stated that the cryptocurrency market peaked on November 30, 2013, at a total market capitalization of ~$15.2 billion. I made this error due to having failed to narrow the date range of the chart so I could properly zoon in. That said, the exact details of the market peak don’t affect the conclusions from my last piece, which considered trades made after the market had bottomed out.
** …you do not talk about trading. Wait, that’s the wrong rulebook.
*** Since I already typed it out, here’s the list of remaining active coins, in descending order: Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin (LTC), Ripple (XRP), Peercoin (PPC), Namecoin (NMC), Megacoin (MEC), Feathercoin (FTC), WorldCoin (WDC), Primecoin (XPM), Freicoin (FRC), Novacoin (NVC), Zetacoin (ZET), Infinitecoin (IFC), Terracoin (TRC), Crypto Bullion (CBX), Anoncoin (ANC), Digitalcoin (DGC), GoldCoin (GLD), Yacoin (YAC), Ixcoin (IXC), Fastcoin (FST), BitBar (BTB), Mincoin (MNC), Tagcoin (TAG), FlorinCoin (FLO), I0Coin (I0C), Phoenixcoin (PXC), Argentum (ARG), Elacoin (ELC)
**** I know that we could have sold them sooner, and probably for more money, but let’s just assume that our hypothetical FOMO trader was a founding member of the #hodlgang. ;-)
***** Don’t mess with Maui when he’s on a breakaway! You’re welcome. ;-)
Disclosures: I have previous held Litecoin, and currently hold approximately $140 of Ripple. I do not believe this influenced my analysis in any way. I have never bought or held any of the other coins discussed in this analysis.
Edits: Formatting, typos, minor clarifications.
submitted by ThaneduFife to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Can you believe it? NMC/BTC trading pair just launched in a pool that's with an EXCHANGE in it.

Can you believe it? NMC/BTC trading pair just launched in a pool that's with an EXCHANGE in it. submitted by hammerlea to btc [link] [comments]

Why Namecoin hashrate is half hashrate from Bitcoin?

Because of merge mining they should be the same? And what prevents a 51% attack?
submitted by Mikeroyale to Namecoin [link] [comments]

معرفی برترین استخر های ماینینگ بیتکوین در سال ۲۰۱۹

استخر ماینینگ بیت کوین چیست؟
ماینرهای بیت کوین گروهی از ماینرها می‌باشند که در صدد ایجاد بلاک به منظور کسب سود یا جایزه هستند. جایزه مورد نظر به طور برابر و بر اساس توان هش ماینینگ در اختیار گذاشته شده، بین ماینرها تقسیم می‌شود. استخر بیت کوین روشی برای استفاده از منابع ماینرها برای استخراج و به اشتراک گذاری توان هشینگ آنها می‌باشد. گواه اثبات کار معتبر باید طوری ارائه شود که جایزه کسب کند. اوایل، تولید یک بلاک برای ماینرهای کم‌سرعت تر سال ها طول می‌کشید تا اینکه استخر ماینینگ بیت کوین به وجود آمد. در استخر ماینینگ، ماینرها بخشی از جایزه بلاک را دریافت خواهند کرد و بلاک ها سریعتر تولید خواهند شد. استخرهای ماینینگ بیت کوین مختلفی وجود دارد و انتخاب محبوب ترین استخر کاملا وسوسه کننده است. توصیه می‌شود که استخرهای کوچکتر بیت کوین را انتخاب کنید تا از تراکم مضر توان هشینگ اجتناب شود.
استخرهای بیت کوین در سراسر جهان
کشور چین در زمینه دارا بودن بیشترین تعداد استخرهای بیت کوین حرف اول را می‌زند. استخرهای بیت کوین براساس توان هش تحت کنترل استخر رتبه بندی می‌شوند. در ادامه مقاله، بر اساس اطلاعات بلاک چین، بزرگترین استخرهای ماینینگ بیت کوین همراه با توان هش آنها ارائه می‌شود. این فهرست بر اساس بزرگترین تا کوچکترین استخر می‌باشد.
AntPool 25.2% BTC.TOP 11.2% BTC.com 10.2% Bixin 8.1% BTCC Pool 7.3% F2Pool 5.4% ViaBTC 5% BW.COM 5% BitClub Network 4.8% Bitcoin.com 3% SlushPool 2.6% Unknown 2.3% GBMiners 2% BitFury 1.9% CANOE 1.2% 1Hash 1.1% Telco 214 1.1% Eligius 1% BATPOOL 0.9% Waterhole 0.6% ConnectBTC 0.6% Bitcoin India 0.2% Solo CKPool 0.2% BitcoinRussia 0.2%
نکات مهم قبل از شروع ماینینگ
استخرهای ماینینگ متفاوتی برای ارزهای دیجیتال مختلف وجود دارند. با افزایش اندازه استخر، میزان پرداخت سود کاهش می‌یابد زیرا این پرداخت ها باید بین ماینرهای بسیار زیادی تقسیم شود. انواع مختلفی جایزه وجود دارد که قبل از شروع ماینینگ باید از آنها مطلع باشید. پرداخت به ازای سهم یا PPS: مقدار پرداخت سود برای هر کاربر ثابت است و پس از ثبت سهم، به آنها پرداخت می‌شود. نسبی: کاربران به نسبت مقدار سهمی که در اختیار می‌گذارند جایزه دریافت می‌کنند. امتیاز محور: این روش به سهم های جدید نسبت به سهم های قدیمی برتری می‌دهد و کاربران بر اساس زمان ثبت سهم خود جایزه دریافت می‌کنند. پرداخت به ازای N سهم اخیر یا PPLNS: این روش مشابه با روش نسبی است اما تفاوت آن در این است که هر سهم در چندین دوره جایزه دریافت می‌کند. پرداخت کامل به ازای سهم یا FPPS: این روش مشابه با روش PPS است اما در این موضوع متفاوت است که کارمزد تراکنش بین ماینرهای واجد شرایط جایزه تقسیم می‌شود. کارمزد تراکنش بر اساس توان هش ماینرها توزیع می‌شود. پرداخت حداکثری اشتراکی به ازای سهم یا SMPPS: مشابه روش PPS است اما کمتر از سود کسب شده توسط استخر پرداخت انجام می‌دهد. استخرهای ماینینگ با ماینینگ ابری فرق دارند. استخرهای ماینینگ شامل گروهی از ماینرها هستند که جایزه ها را بر اساس سهم خود به اشتراک می‌گذارند اما ماینینگ ابری شامل ارائه دهنده سرویسی است که در ازای ماینینگ باید پول پرداخت کنید اما در عوض جایزه دریافت می‌کنید.
۱- انت پول AntPool
انت پول بزرگترین استخر بیت کوین از لحاظ توان هش در کشور چین است. این استخر توسط بیت مین بزرگترین تولید کننده سخت افزارهای بیت کوین اداره می‌شود. می‌توانید در استخر انت پول بدون پرداخت هزینه یک حساب کاربری بسازید اما برای استخراج به سخت افزار ماینینگ بیت کوین و هم چنین نرم افزار ماینینگ نیاز دارید که می‌توان آن را دانلود کرد. رابط کاربری آن بسیار کاربر پسند است. سود کسب شده توسط شما بر روی داشبورد برنامه قابل مشاهده است و می توانید میزان هش ریت را هر زمانی که می خواهید و در هر دقیقه و هر ساعت نظارت کنید. پرداخت سود و کارمزدها ایجاد حساب کاربری در انت پول رایگان است. می‌توانید استخراج انفرادی همتا به همتا را به سه روش انتخاب کنید. روش اول سخت افزار خودتان و کارمزد یک درصد، روش دوم PPLNS با کارمزد صفر درصد و روش سوم PPS با کارمزد ۲.۵ درصد می باشند. کارمزد تراکنش ها مشخص نیست و انت پول آن را اعلام نکرده است. اخیرا کارمزد تراکنش بیت کوین افزایش یافته است و انت پول یک الی دو بیت کوین به ازای هر بلاک را نزد خود نگه می‌دارد و با ماینرها به اشتراک گذاشته نمی‌شود. انت پول محدودیت پرداخت ندارد و موجودی های بیش از ۰.۰۰۱ بیت کوین را هر روز ساعت ۱۰ صبح پرداخت می‌کند. هر بلاک بیت کوین توسط انت پول با ۱۲.۵ بیت کوین جایزه داده می‌شود. امنیت انت پول دارای تایید هویت دو مرحله ای، مسدود سازی کیف پول و هشدار از طریق ایمیل با عنوان اقدامات امنیتی است. اپراتورهای این استخر، انجمن های خود را اداره می‌کنند که شامل ثبت ساده و آسان وظایف اصلی ماینرها در استخر می‌باشد. مزایا انت پول بزرگترین و محبوب ترین استخر بیت کوین با رابط کاربری روان و مناسب برای ماینرهای تازه کار است. می‌توانید بین روش های ماینینگ PPLNS و PPS نیز یک روش را برای ماینینگ انتخاب کنید. اگر بیشتر در این استخر جستجو کنید با گزینه های جالب بسیار زیادی مواجه می‌شوید. پرداخت سود و تسویه ها بسیار خوب است. انت پول دارای اقدامات امنیتی بسیار مناسبی است. معایب به دلیل آنکه انت پول استخر بزرگی است، پرداخت سود کاهش می‌یابد. کارمزد تراکنش ها نیز توسط انت پول مشخص نشده است.
۲- استخر اسلاش پول Slush Pool
اسلاش پول اولین استخر بیت کوین است که در سال ۲۰۱۰ با نام سرور استخر ماینینگ بیت کوین عرضه شد. اولین بلاک چین این سایت در سال ۲۰۱۲ ایجاد شد و از آن زمان به بعد بیش از ۱۵ هزار بلاک توسط این سایت استخراج شده است. اسلاش پول توسط ساتوشی لبز که شرکت حوزه فناوری واقع در کشور چک است اداره می‌شود. اولین کیف پول آفلاین بیت کوین و اولین نقشه جهان با محوریت بیت کوین توسط ساتوشی لبز ایجاد شد. ساتوشی لبز هم چنین پروتکل لایه ای ماینینگ را ایجاد کرده است که توسط سایر استخرهای ماینینگ استفاده می‌شود. اسلاش پول از لحاظ استفاده از ماینینگ امتیاز محور منحصر به فرد است. در این روش در ابتدای دوره ماینینگ، سهم های قدیمی برتری کمتری نسبت به سهم های جدید دارند. در این روش اگر ماینرها در دوره ماینینگ، استخر خود را تغییر دهند احتمال تقلب کردن از بین می‌رود. به تمام ماینرهای تازه وارد یک حساب کاربری آزمایشی ارائه می‌شود تا قبل از ثبت نام و ورود بتوانند این استخر را بررسی کنند. این امر برای ماینرهای تازه وارد مفید است. کاربران به طور منظم با گراف ها، اطلاعات و اخبار در جریان امور قرار می‌گیرند. پرداخت سود و کارمزدها کارمزد استاندارد ۲ درصدی تراکنش ها به طور ثابت وجود دارد. محدودیت برای موجودی های بیش از ۰.۰۰۰۲ بیت کوین است و پس از آنکه کاربری به این محدودیت رسید، پرداخت انجام می‌شود. روش امتیاز محور، توزیع منصفانه جایزه ها بین ماینرها‌ را امکان پذیر می‌سازد. امنیت اسلاش پول دارای تایید هویت دو مرحله ای، مسدود سازی آدرس کیف پول و هم چنین توکن ورود فقط خواندنی است که اگر فرد دیگری بر ماینینگ شما نظارت داشته باشد می‌توانید فعال کنید. اسلاش پول بر بستر سرورهای به شدت ایمن اجرا می‌شود که از کیف پول بیت کوین کاربران محافظت می‌کند. مزایا اسلاش پول قدیمی ترین استخر ماینینگ است. رابط کاربری بسیار روان است و دارای ویژگی های منحصر به فرد روش ماینینگ امتیاز محور است که خطر تقلب کردن را از بین می‌برد. معایب کارمزد تراکنش در مقایسه با سایر سایت ها کمی زیاد است. اگرچه استفاده از روش ماینینگ مبتنی بر امتیاز یک مزیت محسوب می‌شود اما امتیاز کاربران پس از توقف ماینینگ به سرعت کاهش می‌یابد.
۳- استخر F2Pool
استخر F2Pool یکی از بزرگترین استخرهای بیت کوین کشور چین است که در سال ۲۰۱۳ عرضه شده است. این استخر در جهان بیشتر با نام استخر ماینینگ دیسکس فیش شناخته می‌شود. علاوه بر بیت کوین، کوین های دیگری شامل اتریوم، لایت کوین و‌زی کش نیز در این استخر استخراج می‌شود. سطح سختی ماینینگ بر اساس توان هش است زیرا این سایت از پروتکل لایه ای ماینینگ و واردیف vardiff استفاده می‌کند. رابط کاربری این سایت به زبان انگلیسی است و به سادگی و آسانی قابل فهم است. پرداخت سود و کارمزدها استخر F2Pool بر اساس سیستم جایزه PPS عمل می‌کند و کارمزد ۴ درصد دارد که بسیار زیاد است. پرداخت ها هر روز و با تنظیم محدودیت برداشت انجام می‌شود. امنیت این سایت بر بستر پروتکل HTTPS کار می‌کند و شامل ویژگی مسدود سازی کیف پول بیت کوین است. پس از ثبت نام نمی‌توانید آدرس ایمیل خود را تغییر دهید. این سایت فاقد تایید هویت دو مرحله ای است. مزایا استخر F2Pool ماینینگ بیت کوین، لایت کوین و زی کش را امکان پذیر می‌سازد. آستانه پرداخت بسیار کم و پایین است و پرداخت ها به طور منظم انجام می‌شود. معایب کارمزد ۴ درصدی در مقایسه با استخرهای دیگر بسیار زیاد است.
۴- استخر BTCC Pool
استخر BTCC Pool استخری در کشور چین است که در سال ۲۰۱۴ عرضه شده است. این استخر مبتنی بر بیت کوین است و تبادل بیت کوین، ارائه کیف پول و صدور بیت کوین فیزیکی و غیره را انجام می‌دهد. این سایت شامل حساب کاربری رسمی با نام ویچت WeChat است که ماینرها می‌توانند توان هش خود، توان هش استخر و شبکه را با آمارهای دقیق رصد کنند. پرداخت سود و کارمزدها استخر BTCC Pool در خصوص ارائه اطلاعات بسیار شفاف است و آنها را با ماینرها به اشتراک می‌گذارد. این سایت هم چنین کارمزد تراکنش هایی به ارزش یک الی دو بیت کوین را به تمام بلاک های بیت کوین استخر جایزه می‌دهد. پرداخت ها منظم است و به کیف پول مورد نظر کاربر ارسال می‌شود. پرداخت ها به کیف پول BTCC آنی است و برای سایر کیف پول ها ۳۰ دقیقه زمان می‌برد. این سایت با مدل ماینینگ PPS با کارمزد ۲ درصد کار می‌کند و بر اساس پروتکل لایه ای ماینینگ می‌باشد. اخیرا BTCC در خصوص تغییر به مدل شفاف دیگری از ماینینگ ارز دیجیتال با نام FPPS صحبت کرد و هم چنین اعلام کرد که این مدل، کارمزد یک درصدی را به ماینرهای بیت کوین ارائه می‌دهد. استخر BTCC برای هر بلاک به ماینرها ۱۲.۵ بیت کوین جایزه می‌دهد که بین آنها تقسیم می‌شود. مزایا استخر BTCC یکی از بزرگترین استخرهای ماینینگ بیت کوین به همراه خدمات کیف پول و صرافی خود است. این سایت شامل ساختار شفاف کارمزد است و هم چنین مدل FPPS را معرفی کرده است. جایزه ارائه شده توسط این سایت بسیار خوب است. معایب حساب های غیرفعال کاربران که دارای مقداری دارایی باشد پس از ۹۰ روز به حالت تعلیق در خواهد آمد. دارایی های این حساب ها نیز توسط سایت تصاحب خواهد شد.
۵- استخر الیگیوس Eligius
استخر الیگیوس یکی از کوچکترین استخرهای بیت کوین واقع در آمریکا می‌باشد که در سال ۲۰۱۱ عرضه شده است. کاربران پس از ثبت نام، آمار و گراف های بسیار خوبی را مشاهده می‌کنند که آنها را از وضعیت دارایی ها باخبر خواهد کرد. کاربران هم چنین امکان مشاهده آمار سایر کاربران را خواهد داشت که توان هش نیز شامل این آمار خواهد بود. این مورد، ویژگی جالبی برای تمام ماینرها است. این سایت هم چنین امکان ادغام شدن‌ با نیمکوین Namecoin را ارائه می‌دهد. پرداخت سود و کارمزدها این سایت بر اساس مدل PPS با کارمزد صفر درصد کار می‌کند. کسب بیت کوین ها دارای محدودیت و آستانه مشخصی است. کاربران باید حداقل ۰.۰۴۱۹۴۳۰۴ بیت کوین داشته باشند تا برای دریافت سود واجد شرایط باشند. پس از رسیدن به این مقدار بیت کوین و یافتن بلاک، کاربران سود دریافت خواهند کرد. حتی اگر چندین روز ماینینگ انجام ندهید باز هم سود کسب شده به فهرست پرداخت ها اضافه خواهد شد. این امر حتی به کاربران با توان هش کم‌ نیز امکان می‌دهد تا سود کسب کنند. امنیت انجام هر تغییری باید توسط آدرس کیف پول بیت کوین شما امضا شود که همان اسم کاربری شما است. آمار استخر، گیت هاب مخصوص به خود را دارد. مزایا به راحتی می‌توانید به این سایت ملحق شوید زیرا نیازی به ثبت نام ندارد. کارمزد این سایت صفر درصد است و هم چنین شماره تلفنی برای سیستم پشتیبانی از مشتریان دارد. معایب برای آنکه سود شما پرداخت شود باید به سقف مورد نظر برسید. رابط کاربری نیز نامرتب است.
۶- استخر BTC.com
استخر BTC.com یکی از بزرگترین استخرهای ماینینگ بیت کوین است که متعلق به بیت مین، موسس انت پول است. این سایت بر اساس پروتکل لایه ای ماینینگ و واردیف کار می‌کند. این سایت در سال ۲۰۱۵ عرضه شده است و در کنار استخر ماینینگ، کیف پول مخصوص به خود را دارد. پرداخت سود و کارمزدها استخر BTC.com در خصوص توزیع کارمزد تراکنش ها با ماینرها کاملا شفاف است. این سایت بر اساس مدل PPS و میانگین کارمزد ۱.۵ درصد کار می‌کند. پرداخت سود به کاربران ۲ ساعت طول می‌کشد. پرداخت سود کاملا به شبکه بیت کوین بستگی دارد، هرچند BTC.com در تلاش است تا این زمان را کاهش دهد. امنیت کلودفلیر توسط این سایت پیاده سازی شده است تا در مقابل حملات DDoS محافظت شود و به کاربران اطمینان دهد که سود و توان هش آنها از بین نمی‌رود. مزایا استخر BTC.com به صورت جهانی کار می‌کند در ارائه اطلاعات با ماینرها شفاف است. این سایت سیستم پشتیبانی و امنیتی خوبی دارد. معایب گاهی اوقات ممکن است پرداخت سود طول بکشد زیرا به شبکه بیت کوین بستگی دارد.
۷- استخر BW Pool
استخر BW Pool یک استخر ماینینگ بیت کوین در کشور چین و با رابط کاربری کاربرپسند می‌باشد. علاوه بر بیت کوین، این سایت قابلیت استخراج لایت کوین و اتریوم را ارائه می‌دهد و بر اساس پروتکل لایه ای ماینینگ و واردیف کار می‌کند. پرداخت سود و کارمزدها این سایت با بیان کارمزد تراکنش ها به ماینرها، شفافیت خوبی دارد. استخر BW دارای روش های پرداختی PPLNS، PPS و SOLO با میانگین کارمزد یک درصد است و حداقل پرداخت، ۰.۰۰۱ بیت کوین است. مزایا این سایت، استخراج ارزهای دیجیتال مختلف با رابط کاربری ساده ای را ارائه می‌دهد. علاوه بر ماینینگ، شامل سایر خدمات دیجیتال است و بر روی رایانش ابری کار می‌کند. معایب این سایت ماینینگ ترکیبی ارائه نمی‌دهد.
۸- استخر بیژین Bixin
بیژین نیز یکی از بزرگترین استخرهای ماینینگ بیت کوین در کشور چین است. بیژین هم چنین دارای کیف پول مخصوص به خود است. به‌روزرسانی های منظم و رابط کاربری ساده بیژین، مشاهده آن را برای کاربران آسان می‌کند. پرداخت سود و کارمزدها بیژین از مدل PPS با کارمزد ۴ درصد برای توزیع جایزه ها استفاده می‌کند. پرداخت ها سریع و به طور روزانه می‌باشد. امنیت این سایت در مقابل حملات DDoS ایمن است. مزایا یکی از ویژگی های جالب بیژین این است که کاربران می‌توانند جایزه ها را پیش بینی کنند. معایب کاربران چینی بهتر می‌توانند با این سایت کار کنند و کارمزد آن زیاد است.
۹- استخر بیت فیوری
بیت فیوری استخری خصوصی واقع در گرجستان است. بیت فیوری هم چنین تولید کننده چیپ ها و سخت افزارهای ماینینگ است. بیت فیوری در صدد آن است که بیت کوین را غیرمتمرکز کند. این استخر حدود ۱۱ درصد تمام بلاک ها را استخراج می‌کند و کارمزد صفر درصد دارد.
۱۰- استخر ViaBTC
استخر ViaBTC استخر ماینینگ تازه عرضه شده ای است که شامل استخر ماینینگ بیت کوین، لایت کوین و بیت کوین کش است. استخر ViaBTC از روش های پرداختی PPS با ۴ درصد کارمزد و PPLNS با کارمزد ۲ درصد استفاده می‌کند. حداقل پرداخت این سایت ۰.۰۰۰۱ بیت کوین است. این سایت بر اساس پروتکل لایه ای ماینینگ و واردیف کار می‌کند و سیستم نظارتی روان و خوب و هم چنین ماینینگ ترکیبی را ارائه می‌دهد.
۱۱- استخر CkPool
استخر CkPool که با نام KanoPool نیز شناخته می‌شود یکی از کوچکترین استخرهای ماینینگ بیت کوین است که در سال ۲۰۱۴ عرضه شده است. این سایت از روش پرداخت PPLNS با کارمزد ۰.۹ درصد استفاده می‌کند. محدودیتی برای پرداخت وجود ندارد و مقدار های کم را نیز پرداخت می‌کند. تایید هویت دو مرحله ای نیز لایه محافظتی مضاعفی به سایت می‌افزاید. این سایت باید به طور مکرر به روزرسانی شود و رابط کاربری کاملا آزاردهنده است.
نتیجه گیری
همانطور که مشاهده می‌کنید استخرهای ماینینگ مختلف، خدمات متفاوت با جایزه های متنوعی ارائه می‌دهند. ممکن است ماینینگ انفرادی به ذهن شما خطور کرده باشد تا جایزه ها را به طور کامل دریافت کنید اما توصیه می‌شود اگر در دنیای استخراج تازه وارد هستید به یک استخر بپیوندید. استخرهای ماینینگ دارای مزایای بسیار زیادی هستند. ایجاد حساب کاربری بسیار آسان است و مشابه با ثبت نام در پلتفرم های صرافی بیت کوین است. معیار اصلی برای شروع به کار در استخر ماینینگ، داشتن سخت افزار مناسب ماینینگ است. علاوه بر این پیش نیاز، ماینینگ با وجود استخرهای ماینینگ مختلف، ساده شده است.
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Slush Pool is the first Bitcoin Pool launched in the year 2010 by the name Bitcoin Pooled Mining Server. The site got its first blockchain in the year 2012 and since then over 15000 blocks were mined by this site. Slush Pool is run by Satoshi Labs, the Czech based tech company. The first offline Bitcoin wallet and the first Bitcoin-centric world map was created by Satoshi Labs in addition to ... Eligius is a Bitcoin mining pool that is based in the United States. Founded in 2011, it is also one of the earliest Bitcoin mining pools. It’s very easy to join as no registration is required. It is also free as miners are not charged fees, unlike the others. You get to enjoy the merged mining of Namecoin for additional coins. For some ... Merged Mining Pool for Bitcoin, Litecoin, Dogecoin, Darkcoin, and other alternate cryptocurrencies. ... Server Stats - Namecoin. Avg. Profit (last 30 blocks) 0.00000008 BTC /TH/day: Avg. Luck (last 30 blocks) 104.50%: Active Miners: 0: Current Block: 0: Current Difficulty: 0: Total Namecoin Paid: 4,552 Last Block Found: 465,412: Avg. Time To Find Block: 0 Hours 0 Minutes: Time Since Last Block ... According to BlockTrail, Bitfury is the third largest Bitcoin mining pool and mines about 11% of all blocks. The main difference between the Bitfury pool and other mining pools is that Bitfury is a private pool. Bitfury, the company, makes its own mining hardware and runs its own pool. So, unlike Slush or Antpool, Bitfury cannot be joined if you run mining hardware at home. Bitfury 16nm ASIC ... List of known Namecoin pools (NMC) SHA-256 PoW algorithm. Live hashrate distribution, pool fees & minimum payment comparison. Mining Pools & Block Explorer. MERGED Mining. MiningPoolStats. Toggle navigation. MiningPoolStats # × NMC/USD : 7 Day. Market Cap : $ 24h Vol : $ Difficulty : 6 Months. Block Height : Avg. Block Time : Hard Fork : Reward Halving in : Tweets by namecoin × Small ...

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Bitcoin's Memory Pool Space

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